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Configuring Identity Server as External IDP using OIDC

WSO2 API Manager uses the OIDC Single Sign-On feature by default. This document explains how to connect WSO2 Identity Server (or WSO2 Identity Server as a Keymanager) as a third party Identity provider to API-Manager.


  • Download the API Manager distribution from
  • Download the Identity Server distribution from


    For testing purposes if you want to run both the WSO2 API Manager and WSO2 Identity Server on the same server, go to the <IS_HOME>/repository/conf/deployment.toml file and offset the port by 1 as by adding following configuration:

  • Start the servers using the following commands:

    wso2server.bat --run

Configure the Identity Server

Step - 1 Configure the Service Provider

  1. Sign in to the Management Console of WSO2 IS by browsing the following URL:

  2. Navigate to the Service Providers section under Main → Identity and create new Service Provider.

  3. Edit the created Service Provider:

    1. Expand the Claim Configuration section. Add the as mandatory claim. In addition, add the claim as the Subject Claim URI.

    2. Expand the Inbound Authentication Configuration section and configure OAuth/OpenID Connect Configuration with callback URL - https://{apim-ip}:9443/commonauth

      Enable a tenant-specific SSO for the Publisher and Developer Portal

      To enable a tenant-specific SSO with IS 5.10.0 for Publisher and the Developer Portal, enable the Use tenant domain in local subject identifier option under the Local & Outbound Authentication Configuration section.


      Options available for Local & Outbound Authentication Configuration

      • Assert identity using mapped local subject identifier : Select this to use the local subject identifier when asserting the identity. Note that it is mandatory to enable the above option to authorize scopes for provisioned federated users.
      • Always send back the authenticated list of identity providers : Select this to send back the list of identity providers that the current user is authenticated by.
      • Use tenant domain in local subject identifier : Select this to append the tenant domain to the local subject identifier.
      • Use user store domain in local subject identifier : Select this to append the user store domain that the user resides to the local subject identifier.
      • Use user store domain in roles : This is selected by default, and appends the userstore domain name to user roles. If you do not want to append the userstore domain name to user roles, clear the check box.
      If a user role is not mapped to a service provider role, and you clear the **Use user store domain in roles** check box, the userstore domain name will be removed from the role claim value unless the userstore domain name is APPLICATION, INTERNAL, or WORKFLOW.
    3. Update the Service Provider configurations.

    In Multi-tenanted environments

    Carry out the instruction given below for all the tenants to be able to login to the API-M Web applications in a multi-tenanted environment.

    1. Click the SaaS Application option that appears after registering the service provider.


    If you do not select the SaaS Application option, only users in the current tenant domain will be allowed to login to the portals. You will need to register separate service providers for portals from each tenant.

Step - 2 Create users and roles

  1. Create the required users and roles in Identity Server. Assume, following users are created in Identity Servers with the given roles.

    User Role
    api_publisher publisher_role
    api_user user_role

Step 3 - Update the OpenID OIDC scope

  1. Navigate to the OIDC Scopes section under MainManage and list the available scopes.

  2. Click Add Claims for openid scope, click Add OIDC Claim, select groups claim from the dropdown and click on Add. Add groups claim to the OIDC scope

Configure the API Manager

Step - 1 Configure the Identity Provider

  1. Sign in to the Management Console of API Manager by browsing the following URL:

  2. Navigate to the Identity Providers section under Main → Identity and create a new Identity Provider.

    1. Expand the Federated Authenticators section and add the following configurations under OAuth2/OpenIDConnect Configuration:

      Enable OAuth2/OpenIDConnect True
      Client Id Client Id of the Service Provider created in Identity Server
      Client Secret Client Secret of the Service Provider created in Identity Server
      Authorization Endpoint URL
      Token Endpoint URL
      Callback Url
      Userinfo Endpoint URL
      Logout Endpoint URL

      The following image shows the sample values for OAuth2/OpenIDConnect Configurations:


    2. Enable Just-in-Time Provisioning to provision the users in API Manager:

    3. Add the following role mapping under the Role Configuration section:

      Identity Server Roles Roles Mapped in API Manager
      user_role Internal/Subscriber
      publisher_role Internal/publisher


      Instead of using the default internal roles, you can also create new roles in API Manager and map it to the provisioned users.

    4. Add the following claim mapping under the Claim Configuration section.

      Identity Provider Claim URI Local Claim URI

      Also select groups as the Role Claim URI.

    Claim mapping for sso

Step - 2 Configure the Service Provider

  1. Navigate to Service Providers section and list the Service Providers. There are two service providers created for Publisher portal and Developer portal named as apim_publisher and apim_devportal. Edit the apim_publisher service provider.


    You will have to log into the Developer Portal and Publisher at least once for the two service providers to appear as it is created during first login.

  2. Expand the Local & Outbound Authentication Configuration section and select Federated Authentication as Authentication Type and select the name of the Identity Provider you created in previous step and update.

  3. Repeat the same step for apim_devportal Service Provider as well.

Now you will be able to login to Publisher and Devportal using the users in WSO2 Identity Server.


When using Identity Server as external IdP, following error can be observed in API Manager, when logging in to Portals.

    invalid_request, The client MUST NOT use more than one authentication method in each

This is because the MutualTLS authenticator is enabled by default in the Identity Server, from version 5.8.0 onwards. Since the OIDC specification does not allow to use more than one authentication, the login fails with the above error. To resolve this issue, add following the configuration in the deployment.toml file in the <IS-Home>/repository/conf directory to disable the MutualTLS authenticator in the Identity Server.

id = "mutual_tls_authenticator"
type = "org.wso2.carbon.identity.core.handler.AbstractIdentityHandler"
name = "org.wso2.carbon.identity.oauth2.token.handler.clientauth.mutualtls.MutualTLSClientAuthenticator"
order = "158"
enable = false