Adding New Throttling Policies¶
WSO2 API Manager admins can add new throttling policies and define extra properties to the throttling policies. To get started, click on the level of throttling that you want to add a new policy to:
Adding a new advanced throttling policy¶
You can add advanced throttling policies to both APIs and resources.
- Sign in to the Admin Portal using the URL
https://localhost:9443/adminand your admin credentials (admin/admin by default).
- Click Advanced Throttling under the Throttle Policies section to see the set of existing throttling tiers.
To add a new tier, click Add Tier.
- Fill in the required details and click Save.
Rate limiting based on request count or bandwidth
Request Count and Request Bandwidth are the two options for default limit. You can use the option according to your requirement. Request Count is commonly used as the limiting option for API requests. If you are using APIs for File sharing and Data transmission you can use Request Bandwidth as your default limiting option.
To add throttling limits with different parameters to the conditions below, click Add Conditional Group.
Enabling header, query param or JWT based rate limiting
Note that if you want to add a header, query param, or JSON Web Token (JWT) claim condition, you need to set the
true(depending on which condition you need) under
You can add a description about the condition group by clicking Sample description about condition group under Condition Group.
Condition Description value IP Condition Allows you to set a throttling limit for a specific IP address or a range of IP addresses. Header Condition Allows you to set a throttling limit to specific headers and parameters. Query Param Condition Allows you to set a throttling limit to specific query parameters. JWT Claim Condition Allows you to set a throttling limit to specific claims.
Conditional group evaluation
The conditional group execution policy is used only for that condition. For example, if you add an IP condition and set the request count as shown in the above diagram, only 5 requests will be allowed per minute using that IP condition. The default limit will be applied for any request that evaluates to false with that condition (Outside that condition).
Turn on the required condition and enter a condition and value.
The IP-based advanced throttling expects the client IP in the X-Forwarded-For header, in order to detect the IP address and throttle out the request as specified in the IP condition configuration.
Header condition and JWT claim condition values allow regex patterns to be defined. You can configure it to make either an exact match or a pattern match for the value using the regex values. For example,
Claim name : Name of the JWT Claim Eg :
- "iss" - The issuer of the JWT
- " http://wso2.org/claims/apicontext " - Context of the API
- " http://wso2.org/claims/version " - API version
Claim value : Value to be checked in the corresponding claim. (allows regex patterns as well)
Invert condition : Whether to take the throttle decision based on the equality of the values. Eg : If the claim name is "iss" value is "wso2" and "invert condition" is off - Requests having "wso2" as "iss" claim will be throttled. If the claim name is "iss" value is "wso2" and "invert condition" is on - Requests not having "wso2" as "iss" claim will be throttled.
Once done, click Add.
You have added a new advanced throttling policy. You can now apply it to an API or a resource.
Adding multiple conditional groups
You possibly can configure multiple conditional groups when defining a tier for advanced throttling policies. For example, It's possible to apply IP based throttling and query param condition both in a single advanced policy.
Adding a new application-level throttling tier¶
Application-level throttling policies are applicable per access token generated for an application.
- Sign in to the Admin Portal using the URL https://localhost:9443/admin and your admin credentials (admin/admin by default).
- Click Application Tiers under the Throttle Policies section to see the set of existing throttling tiers.
- To add a new tier, click Add New Policy.
- Fill in the required details and click Save. You have added a new application-level throttling policy.
Adding a new subscription-level throttling tier¶
- Sign in to the Admin Portal using the URL
https://localhost:9443/adminand your admin credentials.
- Click Subscription Policies under the Throttling Policies section. The existing set of throttling tiers are displayed.
To add a new tier, click Add New Policy.
When you are adding a new Subscription level throttling tier, you will see the existing list of subscription tiers in Subscription Tier List. In this list, you will find a tier named Unauthenticated which have a request quota of 500. This is the subscription tier which automatically applied when the authentication type of your resources is 'None'. That is, when you can invoke APIs without tokens. And this tier is not visible in the throttling tier list of the application.
4. Fill in the details required by this form and click Save once you are done.
Given below are the descriptions of the fields you find in the form:
Field Description Request Count/Request Bandwidth The maximum number of requests/maximum bandwidth allowed to the API within the time period given in the next field. Unit Time Time within which the number of requests given in the previous field is allowed to the API. This can be defined in minutes, hours, days, weeks, months or years. Burst Control (Rate Limiting) You can define the request count/bandwidth per unit time on an additional layer by using rate limiting. This is usually a smaller number of requests/bandwidth for a shorter time span than what is enforced in the above fields. For instance, if there's a subscription level policy enforced over a long period, you may not want users to consume the entire quota within a short time span. Enforcing a rate limit protects the backend from sudden request bursts and controls the usage at a subscription and API level. Stop On Quota Reach This indicates the action to be taken when a user goes beyond the allocated quota. If the check box is selected, the user's requests are dropped and an error response (HTTP Status code 429) is given. If the check box is cleared, the requests are allowed to pass through. Billing Plan This field only makes sense if you have API Monetization enabled. The available billing plans are Free, Commercial, and Freemium. An API is tagged/labelled as Free, Paid, or Freemium depending on its subscription tiers(e.g., Unlimited, Gold, etc.), which are the tiers selected when creating an API. Custom Attributes You can choose to display additional information about tiers using custom attributes, during custom implementations. The main objective of these fields are to provide more information regarding the tier to Application Developers at the time of API subscription. An example usage of custom attributes is API Monetization. See Enabling Monetization of APIs- for more information on practical usage of custom attributes in the subscription tier. Permissions You can allow or deny permission for specific roles. Once permission is denied to a role, the new subscription tier that you add here will not be available to that role in the Developer Portal.
Free - If all subscription tiers are defined as Free, the API uses the Free billing plan and the API is labeled as Free in the Developer Portal. Paid - If all subscription tiers are defined as Paid, the API uses the Commercial billing plan and the API is labeled as Paid in the Developer Portal.
Freemium - If the API has a combination of Free and Paid subscription tiers, the API uses the Freemium billing plan and the API is labeled as Freemium in the Developer Portal.
This labeling happens on the Developer Portal only if monetization has been enabled. For information on how to enable monetization and how to tag subscription tiers, see Configuring API Monetization Category Labels.
You have now successfully added a new subscription-level throttling policy.