Implicit Grant

Implicit grant type is used to obtain access tokens if your application (client) is a mobile application or a browser based app such as a JavaScript client. Similar to authorization code grant, the implicit grant type is also based on redirection flow. The redirection URI includes the access token in the URI fragment. Therefore, the client application is capable of interacting with the resource owner user agent to obtain the access token from the redirection URI which is sent from the authorization server.

Flow

The implicit grant type does not require client authentication, and relies on the presence of the resource owner and the registration of the redirection URI. The resource owner is authenticated by the authorization server to obtain the access token. The access token is encoded into the redirection URI. This may be exposed to the resource owner and other applications residing inside the same device.

The diagram below depicts the flow of Implicit Grant :

  1. The client requests for the access token with the client ID and grant type, and other optional parameters.

  2. Since the resource owner authenticates directly with the authorization server, their credentials will not be shared with the client.

  3. The Authorization Server sends the access token through a URI fragment to the client.

  4. The client extracts the token from the fragment and sends the API request to the Resource Server with the access token.

Note

The refresh token will not be issued for the client with this grant, as the client type is public. Also note that, Implicit grant does not include client authentication using client secret of the application

The following parameters are required to implement the Implicit grant type in WSO2 API Manager.

Name Description Sample value
scope The OAuth scope you are requesting for the particular token openid
response_type The required response format id_token
redirect_uri The URL of the Oauth application requesting for the token http://wso2is.local:8080/playground2/oauth2client
nonce Any random value 13e2312637dg136e1
client_id Client ID of the OAuth application mzdQQ0RZOIqAf549ucIImB4h0SIa

Tip

The playground application will send a authorization request the authorize endpoint using the following format.

https://<host>:<port>/oauth2/authorize?response_type=token
&client_id=<client-ID>
&redirect_uri=<callback-url>
&scope=<scope>
https://localhost:9443/oauth2/authorize?response_type=id_token+token
&client_id=Cx4LKFNObeuXocx7xgOpz5vfzFoa
&redirect_uri=http://wso2is.local:8080/playground2/oauth2client
&scope=openid

Try implicit grant to generate tokens

In this example we use the WSO2 Playground app, which is hosted as a web application, to obtain the access token with implicit grant.

Note

Before you begin

The following instructions use the sample playground webapp. For instructions on how to set up the sample webapp, see Setting up the Sample Webapp.

  1. Open a terminal window and add the following entry to the /etc/hosts file of your machine to configure the hostname.

     127.0.0.1   wso2is.local
     127.0.0.1   localhost.com

    Why is this step needed?

    Some browsers do not allow you to create cookies for a naked hostname, such as localhost. Cookies are required when working with SSO . Therefore, to ensure that the SSO capabilities work as expected in this tutorial, you need to configure the /etc/host file as explained in this step.

    The /etc/host file is a read-only file. Therefore, you won't be able to edit it by opening the file via a text editor. Instead, edit the file using the terminal commands. For example, use the following command if you are working on a Mac/Linux environment.

    sudo nano /etc/hosts
  2. Login to WSO2 API Manager Store and create an application as shown below.

  3. Go to the Production keys tab for the application. Add http://wso2is.local:8080/playground2/oauth2client as the Callback URL. Select Implicit from the list of grant types and click Generate Keys.

    Note

    The Implicit grant and Code grant type checkboxes are disabled by default in the UI. To enable selecting the checkboxes, enter the Callback URL for the application.

  4. Go to playground app http://wso2is.local:8080/playground2/ and click import photos.

  5. Give the information in the table below and click Authorize.

    Field Sample value
    Authorization Grant Type Implicit
    Client Id Consumer Key obtained for your application
    Scope The scope you have selected for your applicaton
    Implicit Response Type ID token Only or ID token & Access Token
    Callback URL The callback URL of your application
    Authorize Endpoint https://localhost:9443/oauth2/authorize

  6. The playground application redirects to the login page. Enter you username and password and click Sign In.

  7. Select Approve Once or Approve Always to provide access to your profile information.

  8. You will receive the access token as follows

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