Mock Implementation with Choreo Connect

This Mock Implementation allows you to generate mock responses based on examples provided in the OpenAPI specification and directly get the response. For non-default cases, the exact response can be requested using the Prefer and Accept headers.

Important

This is currently supported only when Choreo Connect is used as the Gateway.

Step 1 - Create the interface of the API

Follow the instructions below to enable mock response generation based on the OpenAPI specification:

  1. Start the WSO2 API Manager server with Choreo Connect as the gateway.

  2. Open API Publisher in the browser and create a REST API with the following values.

    Field Value
    Name SwaggerPetstore
    Context /v3
    Version 1.0.6
    Endpoint Leave the endpoint field empty.

Step 2 - Implement the API

Update the OpenAPI Specification

  1. Navigate to API Definition under API Configurations to view the OpenAPI specification.

  2. Click edit to add mock examples to required resources.

    Edit api definition

    Replace the default resources with the resource definitions given below.

  3. Add response examples to OpenAPI Specification.

    With OpenAPI 3.0 you can provide the expected payloads and headers in the following formats.

    Single Example for an Operation

    <resource path>:
      <operation>:
        responses:
          <response code>:
            description: <description>
            headers:
              <header>:
                example: <header example value>
            content:
              <media type>:
                example: <example>
    /pet/findByStatus:
      get:
        responses:
          '200':
            description: OK
            headers:
              x-wso2-example:
                example: example header value
            content:
              application/json:
                example:
                  mock response: hello world

    Multiple Examples for an Operation

    <resource path>:
      <operation>:
        responses:
          <response code>:
            description: <description>
            headers:
              <header>:
                example: <header example value>
            content:
              <media type>:
                examples: 
                  <example reference>
                    value: <example>
    /pet/findByStatus:
      get:
        responses:
          50X:
            description: Service Unavailable
            headers:
              x-wso2-example:
                example: example header value
            content:
              application/json:
                examples:
                  ref1:
                    value:
                      mock response: hello world
                  ref2:
                    value:
                      mock response: Welcome
          default:
            description: default response
            headers:
              x-wso2-example:
                example: default header value
            content:
              application/json:
                examples:
                  ref1:
                    value:
                      mock response: default hello world
                  ref2:
                    value:
                      mock response: default Welcome
    Place Holder Usage
    response code Can be 3 digit status code or a wildcard format like 2XX. default can be also provided instead of a particular status code.
    header Header name. You can provide multiple headers similarly under headers.
    media type Mock response content type. Provide allowed content types for the resource. When accept header is presented in a request, Choreo Connect will return the content which suited to accepted media type among them.
    example Provide the content body as a simple string or as an object. If an object is given as the example, it will be parsed to JSON format.

    Note

    For more information on defining response body examples in open API specification, follow Request and Response Body Examples.

    Example

    If you take the example in Multiple Examples for an Operation and update the API definition with it, you can use Prefer header and Accept header to get different examples for a resource if multiple examples were defined for the resource. Using Prefer header you can specify which code and/or example should be returned as the response for the mock request.

    Invoking GET for /pet/findByStatus will return the default example as given below.

    curl -X GET https://localhost:9095/v3/1.0.6/pet/findByStatus
    < HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    < content-type: application/json
    < x-wso2-example: "default header value"
    < 
    {"mock response":"default hello world"}

    Invoking GET for /pet/findByStatus with the header Prefer will return the matched example for the particular code and the example reference.

    curl -H 'Prefer: code=503, example=ref2' -X GET https://localhost:9095/v3/1.0.6/pet/findByStatus
    < HTTP/1.1 503 Service Unavailable
    < content-type: application/json
    < x-wso2-example: "example header value"
    < 
    {"mock response":"Welcome"}

    Behavioral Characteristics

    The following are the behavioral characteristics of the Mock Implementation with Choreo Connect.

    Example not provided

    • If the invoked resource does not contain mock response examples provided in the api definition, then a response with 501, Not Implemented status code would be returned with 900871 error code.

    Preferred Status Code in the Prefer Header

    • If the request has a valid integer value as the code preference, Choreo connect picks the most matched response examples from the OpenAPI specification checking on the exact codes and wild cards matches. Status code of the response will be same as the code preference given in the request. However, if there are no response examples matching the preferred status code, then 501, Not Implemented status code would be returned with 900871 error code.

    • If the request does not have a code preference, Choreo Connect will check for examples under default responses, if even no default responses are defined, then picks a one out of the response examples.

    Accept Type in the Accept Header

    • If the request has accept-types, Choreo connect will pick examples defined under a matching media type. However, if there are no matches for accept types in the examples, then 501, Not Implemented status code would be returned with 900871 error code.

    • If the request does not have accept-types, Choreo connect will check for examples with 'application/json' as the media type. If there are no examples for 'application/json', then picks one out of available media-type examples.

    Preference not found

    • If the request has an example preference, Choreo Connect will pick the example content with the matching example name from the example list we got after applying above steps. If there's no matching example found, then 501, Not Implemented status code would be returned with 900871 error code.
  4. After adding examples to the OpenAPI specification, remember to click Update Content and Save.

Change the Endpoint Type

  1. Navigate to Endpoints under API Configurations.

  2. Select Mock Implementation as the endpoint type by clicking Add.

  3. Select Choreo Connect as the gateway type.

  4. Click proceed if a dialog box appears to disregard "mock endpoint implementation scripts".

  5. View the mock examples that would be returned for each resource. If you need to modify the examples, you have to edit the API definition as mentioned before.

  6. Click Save to enable mock implementation with OAS examples.

Step 3 - Deploy the API

Deploy the API in order to make the API available in the respective Gateway.

Step 4 - Test the API via the Publisher

Once deployed to the Gateway, you can test the REST type APIs via the Publisher Portal.

Step 5 - Publish the API as a Prototype

Important

  • By default, from WSO2 API Manager 4.1.0 onwards, security is enabled for all the resources of the Prototype API. As a result, you need a subscription to invoke the API.

  • Skip this step if you have disabled security for all the resources in the API.

    Follow the instructions below to attach Business Plans to the API.

    1. Navigate to Portal Configurations and click Subscriptions.

    2. Select the required Business Plans and click Save.

Select Prototype API Business Plans

Follow the instructions below to publish the API to the Developer Portal as a Prototype:

  1. Navigate to the Lifecycle page listed under Publish.

    For both options, When creating an API with the Mock Implementation and When creating an API with an actual backend URL, you will have the option to either promote your API to the PRE-RELEASED state or to the PUBLISHED state in the API lifecycle.

    Publish as Pre-Released API when using backend URL

  2. Click Pre-Release to publish the API as a Prototype API to the Developer Portal

Step 6 - Invoke the API

  1. Click View in Dev Portal to navigate to the Developer Portal.

    Note

    If you have enabled security for the prototype API, follow the Subscribe to an API guide to subscribe and obtain an access token to invoke the prototype API.

  2. Click Try Out to navigate to the API Console.

  3. If you have enabled security, you can either use the access token that you got from the above step or use the GET TEST KEY option.

    Note

    Skip this step if you have disabled security for the API, and leave the Access Token field empty.

    Try out prototype

  4. Expand any method and click Try it out.

    Click Try it out

  5. Click Execute to invoke the API.

    • You can use the Prefer header and the Accept header to get different examples for a resource if multiple examples were defined for the resource.

    • Use the Prefer header to specify which code and/or example should be returned as the response for the mock request.

See also

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